Prepare for your proctored exam with these study guides and resource materials.
Law Enforcement Technology Resource Materials and Exam Study Guides
Are you planning on going through our Credit by Examination process? If you’re a student with prior work or learning experience in the law enforcement field, taking one of our exams can earn you a Certificate of Completion and put you on the fast track towards earning your Associate’s degree. Here are some resources and guides you can use to get yourself ready to take the exam.
Get ready for your proctored exams by checking out these handy study guides. Rio’s study guides will give you a heads-up about the potential competency areas and subjects that each course may touch on.
Overview of law enforcement and administration of criminal justice system. Course outlines the criminal justice process from arrest to final disposition. Also includes the relationship between the branches of government and various components of the criminal justice system.
Define the evolution and fundamental structure of law enforcement.
Describe the purposes of the three branches of government and their functions and responsibilities.
Outline the criminal justice process from arrest to final disposition of the case.
Identify general problem solving techniques.
Identify characteristics of ethical police behavior.
Identify the purposes and general conditions of parole and probation.
Overview of specialized techniques for the investigation of various types of crimes. Includes technology in police data processing operations as well as the nature and structure of various types of specialized crimes and crime groups. Also introduces techniques for interviewing and interrogation.
Identify and describe methods of criminal investigation.
Describe the specialized techniques for the investigation of assaults, burglaries, robberies, theft, auto theft, and criminal damage.
Identify the specialized techniques required in death investigations.
Identify various terminology used in the reporting of death investigations.
Define the various aspects of organized crime.
Describe the intelligence-gathering activities on organized crime resulting from cooperation among federal, state, and local law enforcement organizations.
Describe the effects, the appearance, and the methods used to distribute commonly abused drugs.
Describe the basic techniques used for investigating narcotics and dangerous violations of drug laws.
Describe the various aspects of gang culture, and investigations involving gang activity.
Identify special considerations for conducting an interview, collecting evidence, and establishing rapport with the victim of a sexual assault.
Identify methods used in the investigation of child physical and sexual abuse.
Describe techniques used for interviewing the victim of a crime.
Identify the considerations and procedures for interviewing and interrogation.
Describe various methods used in the interview and interrogation of juveniles.
Overview of the types and purposes of police patrol; including vehicle patrol and routine patrol procedures, mediation, and management of crisis situations. Emphasis on citizen protection, crime prevention, and identification and apprehension of suspects.
Describe the basic responsibilities of police patrol, and how officer observations are incorporated into them.
Differentiate between various types of patrol, and their purposes, and list the pros and cons of each.
Describe the correct procedure for conducting a building security check.
Describe what constitutes criminal and non-criminal activity, and describe suspicious behaviors.
Explain the reasons for and importance of maintaining professional appearance and demeanor.
List the general rules for patrol strategy.
Identify factors to consider and resources available when responding to a domestic violence call.
Outline the procedure to follow for crimes not in process.
Identify the steps for securing the scene of a crime in process and describe safe and expeditious response and approach to simulated crime in process.
Describe the procedure to follow when responding to burglary, prowler, and robbery calls.
Describe the proper technique(s) used to respond to and effectively deal with the following types of calls: a suicide call, a sick or injured person, an unconscious person, an intoxicated person, a mentally ill person, and a civil dispute.
Identify the properties that constitute hazardous materials.
Describe the hazards involved in a police response to a bomb threat situation.
Identify the principles and procedures for crowd control and riot control.
Overview of the basic concepts and terminology of statutory law. Examination of some of the most frequently used sections.
Define criminal law and explain its purposes.
Differentiate between various classifications of criminal offenses.
Define criminal liability.
Differentiate between the various types of preparatory offenses.
Describe the culpable mental states.
Describe the various alternatives to prosecution.
Describe the various classifications of property offenses.
Given a factual situation portraying a possible violation of the criminal law, outline the following: A) the elements that led to the conclusion; B) whether the crime was culminated; and C) the name of the crime committed.
Overview of basic defensive driving techniques, dynamics of moving vehicle, the driving task, and driving a vehicle under hazardous conditions. Includes theory of high-speed vehicle control while in pursuit, methods to successfully stop fleeing vehicles, psychological and physiological factors, liability issues, and methods for reducing the risks of pursuit.
Explain the importance of tactical driving skills for police officers.
Identify situations most frequently associated with accidents.
List factors affecting the defensive driving ability and skills of the driver.
Describe factors relating to vehicle dynamics.
Explain how the condition of the driver, road surface, vehicle, and weather affect the stopping distance of a vehicle.
Identify an officer's legal liability while operating a vehicle in an emergency mode.
Name the conditions under which a pursuit should be abandoned.
List situations that could result in the need for an officer to use tactical driving skills.
Identify the mental factors of tactical and pursuit driving.
Demonstrate the appropriate ways to control, recover, or regain control of a vehicle.
Includes media relations, child protective services, equal employment opportunity, the importance of ethics and professionalism for good community relations, and educating the community in the area of crime prevention.
Identify both positive and negative attitudes, which affect the community's image of law enforcement.
Compare and contrast characteristics of various cultural groups.
Explain responsibilities of law enforcement officers in interactions with diverse communities.
Explain why and how high moral, ethical, and performance standards must be maintained by all law enforcement personnel to ensure the public's trust and respect.
Identify the community, individual, and law enforcement officer responsibilities in the prevention of crime.
Name the most common types of community programs available to help prevent crime.
Overview of the basic guidelines of the United States and state constitutions, focusing on those parts which deal with the rights of the individuals. Also covers laws of arrest, common civil and criminal liabilities experienced by law enforcement officers and agencies, the civil process, rules of evidence, and courtroom proceedings.
Identify the purpose of the Bill of Rights and the content of the 1st, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 8th Amendments of the United States Constitution.
Explain constitutional concepts for police officers.
Identify conditions and limitations under which officers and private persons may make lawful arrests with and without warrants.
Identify the general principles of civil liability and civil litigation as they relate to law enforcement officers.
Identify the leading causes of civil litigation against law enforcement officers and agencies.
Identify writs applicable to the Civil Process.
Identify the purpose for and application of the rules of evidence as used in law enforcement.
Differentiate between direct and circumstantial evidence.
Define and explain hearsay, confessions, dying declarations, documentary evidence, competency of witnesses, and privileged and non-privileged communications.
Identify the steps of a pre-trial preparation.
Identify the proper and improper techniques, attitude, appearance, and mannerisms displayed during a simulated trial.
Identify the rules of criminal procedures and investigation that apply to juveniles.
Practical application of the knowledge and skills of police procedures needed to respond to various types of law enforcement problems. Emphasis on responding to simulated problem situations dealing with officer safety, interpersonal skills, problem solving, and paperwork.
Demonstrate the ability to follow proper police procedure when encountering a simulated situation involving a suspicious person in a residential area.
Demonstrate the ability to follow proper police procedure when responding to a simulated domestic violence call.
Demonstrate the ability to follow proper police procedure when responding to a simulated false alarm call.
Demonstrate the ability to follow proper police procedure when responding to a simulated traffic stop involving an impaired driver.
Demonstrate the ability to follow proper police procedure when responding to a simulated traffic stop involving a driver who runs a stop sign.
Demonstrate the ability to follow proper police procedure when encountering a simulated situation involving a suspicious person standing near a closed business.
Demonstrate the ability to follow proper police procedure when encountering a simulated situation involving a civil matter.
Demonstrate the ability to follow proper police procedure when responding to a simulated burglary in progress alarm call.
Demonstrate the ability to follow proper police procedure when responding to a simulated traffic stop involving a driver who is driving while intoxicated.
Emphasis on developing physical fitness for the participants through mental and physical conditioning, structured exercise, and classroom education. Basic elements of strength training, aerobic conditioning, flexibility, and nutrition.
Prerequisites: Permission of Department or Division
Summarize the importance of physical fitness.
Demonstrate the ability to determine an individual's current health and physical fitness status prior to his or her beginning a conditioning program.
Describe the relationship of fitness to productivity, absenteeism, and employee performance.
Explain the role exercise plays in stress management.
Describe the impact that stress has upon the human body.
Demonstrate the ability to calculate an individual's maximum heart rate and training heart rate.
Describe the three phases of an exercise session.
Identify the role of exercise and its relationship to preventive medicine.
Explain the basic concepts of diet and nutrition as they relate to a conditioning program.
Identify and describe risk factors.
Perform various fitness tests.
Demonstrate the proper methods for performing various types of flexibility movements.
Proper use of lethal and non-lethal defensive tactics, techniques of stopping and approaching suspects in vehicles and on foot, and the custody and transportation of prisoners. Emphasis on basic safety and protection for both the officer and violator during initial contact, arrest and transportation.
Prerequisites: Permission of Department or Division
Describe the procedures utilized in making a lawful arrest, including handcuffing and executing an effective search of a person.
Describe the safeguards employed when utilizing a control hold and takedown tactic.
Identify responsibilities of a cover officer when subjects are interviewed, handcuffed or searched.
Identify the responsibilities of a primary officer.
Identify basic principles of defensive tactics.
Identify the safety hazards associated with the use of the carotid restraint.
Describe the initial reaction by an officer, when executing a holstered weapon retention technique.
Identify the psychological factors which affect one's ability to successfully counter a life-threatening situation.
Identify what constitutes reasonable force.
Describe physical (not deadly) force and explain the justification for when and how to use such force.
Describe physical deadly force and explain the justification for when and how to use such force.
Identify the liabilities associated with the lawful use of physical or deadly force when there is injury or death of an innocent third party.
Identify the vital human body points and bone protrusions as target areas for employment of a police baton or flashlight.
Differentiate between the terms “cover” and “concealment.”
First aid in a law enforcement environment, including impaired breathing, cardiac conditions, resuscitation, control of bleeding, movement of injured persons, shock, injury, and legal and civil issues associated with rendering emergency care.
Define first aid and identify the scope of training involved in first aid.
Differentiate between implied consent and actual consent.
Describe vital signs and their normal ranges.
Demonstrate the ability to check a person's vital signs.
Demonstrate techniques used to palpate a pulse.
Differentiate between the various types of bleeding and demonstrate the proper technique for reducing the flow of blood produced by an artery, a vein, and a capillary.
Describe the signs of inadequate/impaired breathing.
Describe the signs and symptoms of a heart attack.
Demonstrate the correct procedure to perform one- and two-rescuer cardiopulmonary resuscitation on an adult, as well as one-rescuer cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a child and an infant.
Describe the precautions and safeguards of performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Name the signs and symptoms of shock, and describe methods for the treatment of shock.
Describe the treatment steps, management procedures, appropriate care, and safeguards for specific illnesses and/or injuries.
Describe the signs and symptoms of cervical spinal fracture/injury and the procedure to stabilize and manage a victim.
Demonstrate the proper technique for lifting and moving a person with and without a spinal injury.
Describe the various types of burns, and describe the treatment for each.
Overview of human communications and human relations, with special emphasis on techniques used to overcome problems of communication. Covers various communication methods used in dealing with the community and techniques for handling crisis situations.
Prerequisites: Permission of Department or Division
State the importance of human communications skills and human relations skills as they relate to the law enforcement officer.
Identify and describe the elements of basic communication skills.
Identify the barriers to effective communication.
Identify characteristics of and appropriate methods for communication when dealing with the elderly, the visually impaired, and when notifying someone of a death.
Identify the major mores, ethical values, and folkways of various groups as they affect police services and communication.
Identify emotional and psychological indicators of persons in crisis.
Identify techniques for defusing crisis situations.
Overview of traffic procedures. Includes citations and warnings, traffic control, accident investigation, and dealing with impaired drivers.
Demonstrate techniques for stopping and approaching suspects in vehicles.
Demonstrate the methods for channeling traffic and for blocking or closing a roadway.
Demonstrate the hand, whistle, and voice commands used to direct both vehicular and pedestrian traffic under both day and night conditions.
Define terms related to traffic accident investigations.
List the steps required to evaluate a two-vehicle injury collision scene, interview witnesses, and take statements.
Use mathematical calculations to determine information needed for the completion of accident reports.
Describe the proper procedures for responding to and reporting a hit-and-run collision which has just occurred.
Complete a traffic accident form for a simulated accident.
Demonstrate the ability to prepare the following: a) a scaled diagram of an intersection using the traffic template; b) a collision diagram utilizing the Coordinate of Triangulation method of location; c) a detailed field sketch along with pertinent field notes and accurate recorded measurements of a simulated two-vehicle injury collision.
Demonstrate the ability to recognize, record, and collect physical evidence; complete inventory forms, exchange slips, citations, and diagrams; and secure and safeguard a simulated two-vehicle injury collision scene.
Identify the symptoms of a suspect under the influence of alcohol or drugs and demonstrate the ability to conduct field sobriety tests.
Identify non-alcohol or drug-related factors that may affect an individual's ability to operate a motor vehicle.
Overview of types and parts of reports. Includes elements of composition; characteristics of reports; substance; conclusions; statistics; accurate and complete descriptions of persons and property; and the importance of notes, their preservation, and final use.
Identify and describe the steps of communication.
Differentiate between an administrative and an operational report.
List the uses of police reports.
Describe the characteristics of a properly prepared report.
List, in chronological order, the steps to follow when writing a report.
List the questions every report must answer.
Describe characteristics of field notes.
Differentiate between fact and inference.
Explain the use of notes in the preparation of a police report.
Explain the use of notes as evidence in court.
Describe the format for written reports.
Given a scenario in written, verbal, or visual form, demonstrate the ability to record clear, concise, and accurate notes and correctly complete a police report.
Study of fingerprinting, crime scene processing, preliminary investigations, and crime scene management.
Identify the responsibilities of the first officer at the scene of a criminal investigation.
Identify and describe physical evidence.
Describe the procedures required to mark, collect, package, and transport evidence.
Given a simulated crime scene, describe the proper management of the scene, including: 1) the identification, evaluation, collection, and preservation of evidence; 2) the interviewing of victims, witnesses, and suspects; 3) the conducting of a thorough search; 4) the preparation of proper reports; and 5) securing and protecting the crime scene.
Identify the types of special assistance available to aid in recording a crime scene.
Differentiate between various types of fingerprint processing.
Demonstrate the technique for lifting, recording, preserving, and identifying latent fingerprints at a crime scene.
Identify procedures and techniques for tracking persons.
Identify resources used in criminal investigations and explain their importance to the investigation.
Overview of statutes, constitutional requirements, and case law covering search and seizure. Includes procedures for obtaining and serving a search warrant as well as procedures for searching persons, premises and vehicles.
Name the elements of, and exemptions to, the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Explain the purpose of the exclusionary rule.
List the search requirements and procedures needed to serve a search warrant.
Explain the procedure for obtaining, executing, and returning a search warrant.
Describe the items needed to complete a detailed report on the service of a warrant.
Identify limitations to various types of searches.
Name exceptions to the requirement of a search warrant.
Identify the requirements and scope of a stop-and-frisk.